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Premenstrual Syndrome and Vitamins Deficiency

Premenstrual Syndrome (or PMS) is a state caused by a number of hormonal imbalances that trigger multiple disruptive symptoms in a high number of women prior to menstruation. Statistic has shown that among 40 million of those who suffer with PMS symptoms, over 5 million need medical treatment.

Most of the time symptoms of PMS symptoms disappear when menstruation starts. Women stay symptom free until 5 to 14 days before the next menstrual period. These regularly happening symptoms after ovulation until menstruation are called Premenstrual syndrome (or PMS). Symptoms diverge from mild to severe enough that they interfere with work and social activities.

PMS may be manifested by a wide range of signs and symptoms:

  • Depression, irritability, tension, fatigue, anxiety
  • Headaches, dizziness and even fainting
  • Acne, hives, boils
  • Joint and back pain
  • Allergy and asthma like signs, hoarseness, sinusitis, sore throat.
  • Bladder infections
  • Food cravings, bloating
  • Tenderness and swelling of the breasts

The most severe form of PMS is called premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). This disorder takes place in 2 to 9 percent of menstruating women. Symptoms of PMDD and PMS are alike but are much more severe in PMDD.

The etiology of PMS and PMDD is fully unstated. There are hormonal imbalances as well as biochemical neurotransmitters imbalances in the brain which contribute to these.

Various vitamins and minerals have been found helpful in lessening the severity of the symptoms of PMS.

In most cases Calcium with Vitamin D reduce an intensity of PMS symptoms by 48%.

Magnesium deficiency also can significantly worsen PMS symptoms. A double-blind randomized study found oral Magnesium supplementation effective in reducing symptoms of PMS.

Researches from Baylor College in Texas have found that in patients suffering from PMS the level of Zinc in the luteal phase was lower than normal, while the copper level was elevated.

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) in the doses of 100 mg was may be helpful in alleviating symptoms of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual depression.

The study found that Chasteberry, an extract of chaste tree fruit, is helpful for PMS symptoms, especially breast tenderness. Chasteberry support healthy serotonin level in the brain, therefore helping in mental and physical relaxation.

Ginkgo biloba extract in the amount of 160 Mg was also benefits for alleviate symptoms of fluid retention, breast tenderness and anxiety associated with PMS.

Vitamin E in the amount of 400 IU a day given for 3 months can to be effective in alleviating the symptoms of PMS.

Theanine, an amino acid relieves the symptoms of PMS by its normalizing effect on brain neurotransmitters and brain electrical activity.

Theanine is present in Green Tea, and is also available as a nutritional supplement.

Premenstrual Syndrome relief

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