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Vitamin B5—Pantothenic Acid is essential to all forms of life

vitamin-b5Pantothenic acid derives its name from the root word pantos, which means “everywhere.”It has been found in every living cell including plant and animal tissues as well as in microorganisms. Pantothenic acid forms a large part of the coenzyme A molecule.
Coenzyme A is essential for the chemical reactions that generate energy from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
Pantothenic acid, in the form of coenzyme A, is needed for the synthesis of cholesterol and the synthesis of steroid hormones such as melatonin.
Coenzyme A is also needed for the synthesis of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter.

Heme, a component of hemoglobin, cannot be synthesized without coenzyme A.

In addition, the liver requires coenzyme A in order to metabolize a number of drugs and toxins.

Pantothenic acid in the form of coenzyme A is indispensable for the synthesis of fats used in the myelin sheaths of nerve cells, and also synthesizes the phospholipids in cell membranes.

Deficiency Vitamin B5

Pantothenic acid deficiency is very rare and seen only in cases of severe malnutrition.
Because pantothenic acid deficiency is so rare in humans, most information regarding the effects of deficiency comes from experimental research in animals.

Pantothenic acid deficient rats developed damage to the adrenal glands, while monkeys developed anemia due to decreased synthesis of heme, a component of hemoglobin.
Dogs with pantothenic acid deficiency developed low blood glucose, rapid breathing and heart rates, and convulsions.
Chickens developed skin irritation, feather abnormalities, and spinal nerve damage associated with the degeneration of the myelin sheath.
Pantothenic acid deficient mice showed decreased exercise tolerance and diminished storage of glucose (in the form of glycogen) in muscle and liver. Mice also developed skin irritation and graying of the fur, which was reversed by giving pantothenic acid.

Sources of Vitamin B5

vitamins-sweet-potatoPantothenic acid is found in many common foods and average diets are thought to have an adequate amount of it.
Pantothenic acid is also made by the normal bacteria that live in the colon.

Absorption of pantothenic acid from the colon has been demonstrated, but may not be available in meaningful amounts from colonic bacteria.
Healthy sources of pantothenic acid include whole grains, nuts and seeds, nutritional yeast, sweet potatoes, legumes, mushrooms, tomatoes, and broccoli.

Over the counter medications for common health problems

Fabulous Power of Vitamins and Minerals


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