Stages of Nutritional Vitamin Deficiency

In our days certain typical disease patterns have been shown to be due to vitamin deficiency. It is particular noticed in countries where diets are unbalanced and inadequate, or where there are particular dietary customs. Examples of the most commonly observed diseases are xerophthalmia, rickets, beriberi, pellagra and scurvy, which result from deficiencies of vitamin A, vitamin D, thiamin, niacin and vitamin C, respectively. In meantime deficiency of a single member of the vitamin B group is rare in humans.

As these vitamins are largely found together in nature, and foodstuffs lacking in one member of the complex are likely to be poor in the others. In addition, the obvious manifestations of deficiency of this group overlap to some extent.
Subclinical deficiency and marginal deficiency are synonymous terms used to describe conditions in ipeople who are not clinically nutrient deficient, but who appear to be close to it.
By reference to the sequence of events in the development of vitamin deficiency, scientists emphasized the importance of preventing functional metabolic disturbances that can evolve into overt clinical symptoms. This sequence can be subdivided into six stages as follows.

Stage 1
Body stores of the vitamin are progressively depleted. A decreased vitamin excretion in the urine is often the first symptom. Normal blood levels are maintained by homeostatic mechanisms in the very early stages of deficiency.

Stage 2
The urinary excretion of the vitamin is further decreased and vitamin concentrations in the blood and other tissues are lowered. A diminished concentration of vitamin metabolites might also be observed.

Stage 3
There are changes in biochemical parameters such as low concentrations of the vitamin in blood, urine and tissues, and a low activity of vitamin- dependent enzymes or hormones. Immune response might also be reduced. Non-specific subclinical symptoms such as general malaise, loss of appetite and other mental changes appear.

Stage 4
The biochemical alterations become more severe and morphological or functional disturbances are observed. These disturbances might be corrected by vitamin dosing in therapeutic amounts within a relatively short time or vitamin supplementation in amounts of (or exceeding) the recommended dietary allowances over a longer period. Malformation of cells is reversible at this stage.

Stage 5
The classical clinical symptoms of vitamin deficiency will appear. Anatomical alterations characterizedby reversible damage of tissues might be cured in general by hospitalization of the patient. In most cases there are deficiencies of several nutrients and a complicated dietetic and therapeutic regimen has to be followed.

Stage 6
The morphological and functional disturbances will become irreversible, finally leading to death in extreme cases. From the health point of view, clinical studies have shown that the borderline vitamin deficiency is represented by the transition from the third to the fourth stage.

by materials: Vitamins: Their Role in the Human Body. G.F.M. Ball Consultant, London, UK

Natural breast enhancement

Closeup of the breasts of a pregnant woman.

Image via Wikipedia

The natural breast enhancement products are made from natural ingredients. So they become very popular on the market.

Many women today are dreaming to have bigger and firmer breast. So in order to enhance the size of breasts, women try various methods. The latest one being breast augmentation surgery, which although considerably enhances the size of breasts, but is quite a complicated surgery. Another problem is that men can easily make out the difference between artificially enhanced breasts and normal breasts.
Herbal supplements are some of the most commonly touted natural options.

Herbal breast enlargement pills really work

Many of the breast enlargement pills sold in pharmacies and body shops today are derived from traditional herbal ingredients that contain natural enhancement properties.

But in taking these natural breast enhancement pills, it is important that you have to take the right dosage of the pills in order to avoid some unexpected circumstances.

Breast enhancement cream

Herbs have been used by Asian women for thousands of years to enhance their beauty. There are herbs for each and every problem and small breasts are no exception.
Active Ingredients contained in Breast Active breast enhancement cream are Pueraria Mirifica E and Red Clover extracts.
It also includes Aloe Vera, Fenugreek Extract, Saw Palmetto Extract, Vitamins and many other natural ingredients that are well-known as remedy to enhance, enlarge, and firm up breast tissue.

Advantage and disadvantage natural remedies

Breast enhancement pills have proven to be a painless, non-invasive method that more and more women are using to have firmer, fuller breasts. Some herbs are used to help boost estrogen production, such as fennel and ginseng, which may help contribute to breast enlargement.
Because of natural ingredients, you will get assurance that it is safe and effective.

Probably the biggest disadvantage or risk of using a natural remedy to enhance your breasts is that the product may not work on you.
Although there is no cause-effect proof, some medical practitioners feel that by increasing estrogen levels by using natural products may promote unhealthy breast tissue in women.

Natural breast enhancement remedy serve as a safer option to surgical methods, because a large portion of these product’s ingredients are composed of natural herbs and plant-derived materials, are non-invasive in nature, and are clearly less expensive than going to surgery.

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H1N1 flu linked to Vitamin D deficiency

A recent University of Colorado study, of 18,000 people, shows those with higher levels of vitamin D appear to be better protected against the (Swine Flu) and seasonal flu.

Vitamin D deficiency is a widespread and common problem that causes chronic conditions, debilitating diseases and, in some cases, death. Over one million people die each year from vitamin D deficiency most likely due to not getting enough sun exposure because of skin cancer fears. The irony is that Vitamin D actually prevents cancer and other diseases including the swine flu.

The groups most affected by the H1N1 swine flu virus have been those most likely to be vitamin D deficient: pregnant women, obese people, those with Type II diabetes and children with neurological disorders.

Research on the Vitamin’s flu-prevention benefits have been around for the past 30 years. It was back in 1981 that R Edgar Hope Simpson first proposed that a principal cause of seasonal influenza is linked with the deficiency of solar radiation which triggers the production of vitamin D in the skin. Much of this hypothesis is based on the notion that Vitamin D deficiency is most commonly seen during the winter months when sunlight is at a premium.

Doctors recommend taking Vitamin D regularly to boost your immune system during winter season. Vitamin D is produced in the body during exposure to sunlight. During the winter we tend to get less exposure to sunlight.

People who take vitamin D supplements have better luck avoiding the seasonal flu; there is no reason to think that it won’t do the same for H1N1 virus. Flu outbreaks tend to occur in places where solar radiation is low.

Many doctors are beginning to recommend a daily supplement of vitamin D of anywhere from 2,000 to 10,000 IU of vitamin D3 daily, especially in the winter.

Vitamin B1(Thiamin) deficiency

Why we need Thiamin

Thiamin helps regulate nerve growth, stimulates brain action, and memory. Helps convert food to energy. It required for nerve and muscle function, enzyme reactions, and fatty acid production.

Thiamin also keeps our brain and nervous system fueled up. Human brain runs on glucose, a type of sugar that’s made from the carbohydrates you eat. Thiamin helps our brain and nervous system absorb enough glucose. Without it, they take in only half of what they really need.

And when your brain doesn’t get enough fuel, you start to get forgetful, depressed, tired, and apathetic.
Thiamin also helps keep heart muscles elastic and working smoothly, which help heart pumping strongly and evenly, with just the right number of beats.

Vitamin B1 is indispensable for the health of the entire nervous system; prevents fatigue and increases stamina; prevents edema and fluid retention, also aids in digestion and metabolism.

Causes of Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) deficiency and symptoms

Vitamin B1 deficiency can result from inadequate food intake.
Deficiency causes beriberi, a disease that affects cardiovascular, nervous, muscular, and gastrointestinal systems.

Thiamin deficiency is common among alcoholics, who often have inadequate food intakes. Alcohol provides energy without providing many of the necessary nutrients. Alcohol also impairs the absorption of thiamin, while increasing excretion of thiamin.
Extreme thiamin deficiency can lead to an enlarged heart, weight loss, muscular weakness, poor short-term memory, and cardiac failure.

Some people are at high risk of Vitamin B1 deficiency: elderly who don’t eat well and don’t get enough thiamin in their diets; pregnant or breastfeeding women; diabetics.

How to avoid Vitamin B2 deficiency

But in fact most people, even the ones with the health issues listed here, do get enough thiamin. A real deficiency is pretty rate.

Wheat germ, liver, pork, whole & enriched grains, dried beans
Good sources of thiamin are pork, liver, fish, oranges, peas, peanut butter, wheat germ, beans, and whole grains.

Enzymes present in raw fish and shellfish destroy thiamin. Also, tannins in tea and coffee can oxidize thiamin, reducing the availability of thiamin in the diet.

Vitamins and minerals for Prostate Health

There are a number of prostate vitamins, minerals and natural herbs and that may be a real help in promoting the health and functioning of the prostate and urinary tract in men.
Having enough RDA vitamin C, Vitamin D, vitamin E, selenium and zinc in you diet you considerably reduce risk of prostate diseases: prostatitis, BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia) and even prostate cancer.
ARG's DIM Palmetto Prostate Formula 60Sg

Vitamin E

Current research shows that vitamin E appears to reduce the risk of prostate cancer. Some experts recommend using the gamma-tocopherol form of vitamin E.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D may also fight with prostate cancer. Vitamin D is known to inhibit prostate cancer in animals. As such, vitamin D appears to be important in preventing prostate cancer even though human research remains unclear. In addition, vitamin D is being studied as an agent for the treatment of prostate cancer. Recommended daily allowance of vitamin D in your diet must be equal:
*For men ages 19 to 50: 200 IU a day.
*For men ages 51 to 70: 400 IU a day.
*For men ages 71 and older: 600 IU a day.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C has been used to aid healing and to promote prostate health.


Deficiency of zinc in diet has been linked to BPH, prostatitis, and even prostate cancer. Zinc is used to promote prostate health and some experts do recommend zinc for BPH. In addition, zinc may even shrink an enlarged prostate.


Selenium harbors antioxidant properties that are thought to work with vitamin E to provide extra protection from toxin damage linked to prostatitis. Selenium also is able to slow prostate growth as well as help prevent prostate cancer.
Ask a doctor before taking any vitamin and mineral supplementsOnline Medical Advice

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Antioxidant levels and prostate cancer risk

The new study proved that antioxidant levels are responsible for prostate cancer risk in some men.
US researchers say that high levels of selenium, vitamin E and the tomato carotenoid lycopene reduce prostate cancer in one out of every four Caucasian males, or those who inherit particularly sensitive to oxidative stress specific genetic variation.

According the study of Cancer Research for men with low levels of these vitamins and minerals their risk of aggressive prostate increases substantially.

Dr Haojie Li, a researcher at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School provides evidence that oxidative stress may be one of the important mechanisms for prostate cancer development and progression. Adequate intake of antioxidants, such as selenium, lycopene and vitamin E, may help prevent prostate cancer.

The researches from the Physicians Health Study are based on an analysis of 567 men with prostate cancer and 764 cancer-free men.

The initial goal of this study was to assess the effect of aspirin and vitamins (beta-carotene) on men’s health. Team checked variants of the gene that codes for manganese superoxide dismutatase (MnSOD).
The MnSOD gene is passed from parents to offspring in one of three forms: VV, VA or AA.

Researchers found that men with the MnSOD VV or VA genotype, people with the AA genotype are more sensitive to the antioxidant status. Men with the AA genotype are more susceptible to prostate cancer if their antioxidant and vitamins levels are low.

The study’s results found that a quarter of the men in the study carried the MnSOD AA genotype, half carried the VA genotype, and the remaining quarter carried the VV genotype.

The results indicated that the VA and VV men were at equivalent risk for developing prostate cancer across all levels of antioxidants in their blood.

Prostate cancer is most often cancer type in industrial countries. It affects more than 500,000 men worldwide every year.

Similar to prostate cancer link between dietary antioxidants and the variations in the MnSOD gene have previously been noticed in risk of breast cancer.

Boron food sources to avoid deficiency

Boron is an essential trace mineral needed for bone growth.

boron-deficiencyIn the mid-1980s, researchers found that small amounts of boron help absorb calcium into bones and keep it there. How much boron is still up in the air?
There’s no RDA or SAI yet, but many nutritionists today suggest getting 3 mg a day. That’s not a problem, because most people get 2 to 5 mg a day from their food.

Boron food sources

Good dietary sources of boron are fruits, especially apples, pears, peaches, grapes, dates, and raisins. Nuts and beans are also high in boron.
One of the best general dietary preventive habits to acquire is to eat a lot of dark green leafy vegetables. Kale, collard greens, romaine, spinach, Swiss chard, and other dark greens are a rich source of vitamins and minerals, including calcium, vitamin K, and boron.

In fact most fruits and vegetables contain boron, particularly dried fruits.
Boron helps keep the brain alert and able to perform simple functions. It also helps keep the bones strong and metabolizes calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus.
Boron deficiency is rare.
While there appear to be no adverse effects with doses as high as 6 mg/day, dosage should not exceed 10 mg/day.
There is no RDA for boron. The recommended dose is 3 mg/day. It is best if boron is taken with a multivitamin which includes calcium, magnesium, manganese, and riboflavin.

Vitamin A and carotene are good for your eyesight

Preventing Night Blindness

Vitamin A helps you see well in the dark. Your retina (the layer of light-sensitive cells at the back of your eye) contains large amounts of Vitamin A, especially in the tiny structures called rods that are used for night vision.

If you don’t get enough Vitamin A, you develop night blindness—you can’t see well in the dark or in dim light.

We all lose a little of our night vision as we grow older, but Vitamin A can help slow or even prevent the loss. If you’ve noticed that you don’t see as well at night as you used to, see your eye doctor to rule out other eye problems.

If your eyes are OK otherwise, extra Vitamin A or beta carotene might help. Discuss the right amount with your doctor before you try it.

Preventing Cataracts

A cataract forms when the lens of your eye becomes cloudy, reducing or even blocking completely the amount of light that enters your eye. At one time cataracts were a leading cause of blindness, but today simple outpatient surgery can fix the problem.

But wouldn’t it be better if a cataract never developed in the first place? There’s solid evidence that a diet rich in carotenoids, especially beta carotene, helps prevent cataracts by mopping up free radicals before they can damage the lens.

Preserving Eyesight

Vitamin A helps prevent age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Your macula is a tiny cluster of very sensitive cells in the center of your retina. It’s essential for sharp vision.

As you grow older, your macula may start to degenerate, causing vision loss and eventual blindness. AMD is the leading cause of blindness in people over 65, and about 30 percent of Americans over 75 suffer from it.
What about the other 70 percent? It’s likely they eat more foods that are high in beta carotene.
According to one study, eating just one serving a day of a food high in beta carotene could reduce your chances of AMD by 40 percent.

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Why You Need Vitamin and Mineral Supplements

The average person can get of recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for vitamins and minerals simply by eating a reasonable diet containing plenty of whole grains and fresh fruits and vegetables.
The RDAs assume you’re an adult under age 60 who’s in good health, has perfect digestion, isn’t overweight, leads a totally stress-free life, doesn’t ever have any sort of medical problem, and never needs to take any sort of medicine.
The RDA of vitamins and minerals also assume that you really manage to eat a good diet every day.
Buy in fact, even on a good day you can’t always manage a completely healthful diet.
Who has the time or energy to do all that shopping and food preparation? On any given day, half of us eat at least one meal away from home anyway. You just can’t always eat healthfully, even when you try.
The fact is, most of us don’t meet all the RDAs from our diet. According researches most adult women don’t meet the RDAs for iron, zinc, Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), calcium, magnesium, and Vitamin E.
Most adult men don’t meet the RDA for zinc and magnesium. Hollywood Diet's Cookie Diet Assorted

Young children drink 16 percent less milk than they did in the late 1970s, but they drink 23 percent more carbonated soft drinks.
Americans eat very few dark-green leafy vegetables and deep yellow vegetables.
Fewer than one out of five people eats five fresh fruits and vegetables a day—and about one person in five doesn’t eat any.

If it’s that hard to meet the RDAs through diet, what about reaching the higher amounts of vitamins and minerals many health professionals now recommend? You could just try harder to eat better or differently. For example, women between the ages of 25 and 50 should get at least 1,000 mg of calcium every day to keep their bones strong.
That’s the calcium in three glasses of milk a day. You could easily drink that much milk, but would you? Do you even like milk? What if you hate the stuff or have trouble digesting it?
One of the biggest problems with the RDA of vitamins and minerals is that they assume you’re in good health and eat about 2,000 calories a day.
What if you don’t eat that much? Many people over age 70, for example, only take in about 1,500 calories a day. And in our weight-conscious society, at any given time one in six Americans are dieting—usually in a way that doesn’t provide good nutrition. There’s no way these people are getting the vitamins and minerals they need from their food.
We’d be the first to tell you that vitamin and mineral supplements aren’t a substitute for healthy eating.
They’re also not a magic shield against the effects of bad health habits, like smoking or not getting much exercise. But we know that you can’t always eat like you should—and that sometimes you need more of a vitamin or mineral than you can reasonably get just from your food.
That’s why vitamin and mineral supplements are so important. Taking a daily multivitamin and mineral supplement is sensible insurance—it makes sure you get everything you need. You may also need extra of one or more vitamins or minerals—more than you could get from your diet.

Generally speaking, vitamin and mineral supplements are safe even in large doses. More isn’t always better, though, and some supplements can be harmful in big doses.
Use your common sense. Read what we have to say about the vitamins and minerals, talk it over with your doctor, and then decide which supplements are best for you.

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Causes of vitamin and mineral deficiency

You might be marginally deficient if you rarely eat fresh fruits and vegetables. These are the best natural sources of vitamins and minerals.
Long period of high stress or overwork also can cases vitamins deficiency.Multi-Carotene Antioxidant, 60 softgels: W

You’re probably not eating right, plus you’re using up a lot vitamins and minerals to make extra stress hormones. You’re sick with something—bronchitis, say—or you’re recovering from surgery. At a time when you probably don’t feel much like eating, you need lots of extra vitamins and minerals to help you heal faster.
There are a lot of causes of vitamin deficiency, for example, chronic disease such as asthma or diabetes. Low levels of a vitamin or mineral might be causing the problem or making it worse. Many people with asthma are low on magnesium, for example; many diabetics are very low on Vitamin C. Chronic diseases change how well your body absorbs and uses vitamins and minerals, so your needs change as well.
If you’re pregnant or nursing you need extra vitamins and minerals because you’re passing some of your on to your baby.
Fore sure you will experience of vitamin deficiency if you’re seriously depressed. When you’re depressed, you don’t eat well. That can make the depression worse, because marginal deficiencies of many vitamins and minerals cause depression.
Smoking sharply increases your need for vitamins, especially Vitamin C.
Drink a lot of alcohol is also responsible for much cases of vitamin deficiency. Heavy drinkers are often marginally deficient in almost all the vitamins and minerals, especially B vitamins.

How do you know you have a marginal deficiency? Deficiencies can be hard to pin down. You might just be feeling a little below par, or more tired than usual.

That’s easy to blame on all sorts of things, so you might not think a vitamin or mineral deficiency is the problem. Even if you go to your doctor with other deficiency symptoms, like irritability, anxiety, or insomnia, you’re more likely to come home with a prescription for Valium® than for a vitamin supplement. If you feel your health isn’t what it could be—if you get frequent minor illnesses, for example, or bad colds you just can’t seem to shake, ask yourself if you’re getting enough of the vitamins and minerals you need.

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