Vitamin B12 Deficiency health effects

Today, as vitamin supplements gain in popularity, the potential to overdose has become a basic concern. However, one vitamin that tends to be overlooked and is of major importance is Vitamin B12. Deficiency in vitamin B12 is, in fact, among the highest nutritional deficiencies in developing counendeavors and potentially in the United conditions as well. Vitamin B12 is imperative in the correct formation of red blood cells and as well plays an essential role in maintaining healthy nerve tissue.

Without the proper amount of Vitamin B2, development of a blood condition referred to as pernicious anemia is probable and highly likely. This condition, once develop, does not allow an individual to generate the protein substance needed to allow the absorption of vitamin B12. An additional detriment of a b12 deficiency is the inability to absorb folic acid, another component the body needs to function properly.

Why Does B12 Affect Our Health?

Deficiencies in needed vitamins generally take place gradually and, at times, may take a number of years to develop.

FirstlyVitamin B12 deficiency symptoms can be small, barely noticed neurological or cognitive changes which tend to increase with time. As the deficiency becomes more serious, anemia and/or dementia may develop. In order to have proper multiplication of red blood cells the presence of vitamin b12 necessary. As the deficiency increases, the red blood cells drop and the individual subsequently develops anemia. Fatigue and palpitations are two of the basic symptoms of anemia created by a b12 deficiency.

What Are B12 Deficiency Symptoms?

  1. In addition to fatigue and palpitations, symptoms include:
  2. Weight loss
  3. Pale skin
  4. Sore Mouth or tongue
  5. Higher incidence of contracting infections

If not corrected and the deficiency is accepted to continue a number of neurological symptoms may appear. Symptoms such as:

  1. Irritability
  2. Confusion
  3. Forgetfulness
  4. Numbness and/or tingling of the fingers and/or toes
  5. Overall muscle weakness
  6. Staggering
  7. Balance

Who is at Risk?

Virtually anyone has the potential of developing a vitamin b12 deficiency. However, vegans, those on a vegetarian food, babys and the elderly are generally placed in the group that is accept as true thated at high risk in developing this deficiency. Since vitamin b12 is derived solely from animal-related products, those who refrain from eating dairy, eggs or meat are at risk; however, vegetarians who do consume dairy products and eggs generally do not consume the advisable 2.4 mcg amount. As the population grows older, approximately 30% of individuals over 50 develop a stomach lining that is thinning or atrophic gastritis. With this condition, the small intestine is unable to absorb b12 which may potentially lead to more rigorous conditions. A multivitamin, eating a breakfast cereal that has been fortified or likely both is advisable for those accept as true thated at risk for a b12 deficiency. If any of these conditions are present, review your condition with your doctor and check on receiving a Vitamin B12 blood test.

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Vitamin C is essential antioxidant

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Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin, also known as L-ascorbic acid. The body does not create Vitamin C. It is required for several hundred bodily functions and is an essential vitamin. Vitamin C is obtained through food or in dietary supplements.

Vitamin C Functions

Vitamin C assists in numerous bodily processes. It helps in adrenal gland function, aids in the growth and repair of tissue and promotes gum health. Vitamin C produces anti-stress hormones. It has also been known to combine with toxins, helping to eliminate them from the body. Vitamin C is essential in collagen formation. It protects against bruising, reduces the risk of cataracts and assists in the healing of burns and wounds.

Research is ongoing to determine the antioxidant capability of Vitamin C and its role in the prevention of certain types of cancer and heart disease. It has also been studied closely regarding its role in strengthening the immune system.

Vitamin C Deficiency

The disease most usually associated with Vitamin C deficiency is scurvy, which causes bleeding gums, slow wound healing, edema and hemorrhage under the skin. Scurvy is not usual in developed countries, as most people meet the minimum requirement for Vitamin C through their diet or by way of dietary supplements.
General signs of Vitamin C deficiency include bleeding gums, joint pain, low energy, improper digestion, slow wound healing, and tooth loss and bruising. Frequent colds and bronchial infections may also be linked with Vitamin C deficiency. In studies of athletes and soldiers in circumstances considered to be extreme, such as running or involvement in strenuous exercise in very low temperatures, Vitamin C has shown to decrease the risk of catching a cold by 50%.

Recommended Dietary Allowance and Supplementation

The recommended dietary allowance for Vitamin C is 75mg for adult females and 90mg for adult males. This can be obtained from one medium orange.
Smoking leads to depletion of Vitamin C. Smokers need 35 more milligrams daily than non-smokers. Others who may suffer from Vitamin C deficiency include heavy alcohol drinkers and steroid users. Those taking oral contraceptives and antidepressants may also be prone to Vitamin C deficiency.
Those who eat a limited variety of foods, such as prescribed by some fad diets, may also need to watch their Vitamin C intake. Of special consideration are infants in some developing countries who are fed boiled cow’s milk or evaporated milk varieties. These can lead to a Vitamin C deficiency because heat destroys Vitamin C. In developed countries, this is generally not a problem because breast milk or infant formula is used, providing sufficient amounts of Vitamin C.
Those with certain medical conditions may be at risk for Vitamin C deficiency. People with severe digestive issues and some cancer sufferers may be at risk. In the case of cancer patients who require larger amounts of Vitamin C, it is sometimes administered intravenously through the care of a physician.

Food Sources of Vitamin C

Vitamin C is found in citrus fruits, berries and green vegetables. Good vegetable sources include broccoli, asparagus, avocados, beet greens, kale, radishes and spinach. Fruits that include Vitamin C include grapefruit, lemons, mangoes, oranges, papayas, pineapple and strawberries. Herbs includeing Vitamin C include paprika, fennel seed, kelp and peppermint.
Vitamin C is one of the most important elements in an individual’s daily diet. We need Vitamin C to help contribute to good cellular growth, promote function of the circulatory system, and generally help our bodies to develop and maintain themselves. A vitamin C deficiency is a serious issue, and should be caught early and treated with natural foods or dietary supplements that include plenty of these critical ingredients.
Lots of medical experts agree that a vitamin C deficiency is fairly uncommon in most modern societies. Infant formulas and other food sources are fortified with vitamin C in order to prevent some forms of deficiency of this essential nutrient.

Vitamin Deficiency Treatments

A shortage of vitamin C in the system can be treated with dietary supplements. However, it’s important to seek professional medical help, rather than self-medicating with natural medicine. Vitamin C supplements are generally not known to have side effects, although at extremely high levels, they can cause nausea or indigestion. Those who experience any of the above negative symptoms should see qualified family practice doctors to talk about what may be the issue and whether a dietary deficiency may be the root cause.

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Infant Vitamin K Deficiency

Infant vitamin K deficiency can cause intracranial hemorrhage (bleeding inside the skull) and can be life-threatening. As many as one in five thousand infants may develop vitamin K deficiency bleeding unless supplemental vitamin K is given.

Why Newborn Infants May be Deficient in Vitamin K

There are three reasons why infants may have low levels of vitamin K. The first reason is that breast milk is normally low in vitamin K. Newborn infants are estimated to receive about ten percent of their recommended daily intake when breastfeeding.

Normal doses of supplementary vitamin K given to the nursing mother do not seem to elevate breast milk levels of vitamin K. The second reason is that the newborn’s intestines may not contain the bacteria that synthesize menaquinone (vitamin K2).

Finally, infants may not have fully developed their vitamin K conservation cycle.
Because of these reasons, newborn infants are routinely given an injection of 1000 mcg of vitamin K1 (phylloquinone).
Some infants receive one to three oral doses of vitamin K instead, which is almost as effective as the single injection. A single injection results in extremely high levels of vitamin K in the blood. An infant’s blood level of vitamin K may go up to 9000 times the normal adult level, tapering off to 100 times the normal adult level after four days. Lower doses of vitamin K are recommended for premature infants.

For mothers who refuse vitamin K injections for their infant, several oral doses of vitamin K are an alternative. If neither is chosen, dietary changes may reduce the possibility of vitamin K deficiency bleeding. While extra vitamin K intake during pregnancy does not increase vitamin K in the unborn child, large amounts of vitamin K intake during breastfeeding can increase the infant’s blood vitamin K levels. The vitamin K deficiency bleeding problems normally occur one to seven weeks after birth.

Mothers would need to eat a cup of broccoli or other vitamin K-rich food and a large green salad coupled with extra supplementation to boost the infant’s vitamin K levels. Careful monitoring of bleeding tendencies in newborns would also be needed by mothers who refuse or who are unable to use either vitamin K injections or oral dosing.

Food Sources of Vitamin K

Green leafy vegetables are the primary source of dietary vitamin K. Certain oils contribute a little vitamin K to the diet, including oils of olive, canola, and soybean. Kale and collards are excellent sources, with just one cup providing about ten times the dietary reference intake (DRI). Spinach and beet greens are also rich sources of vitamin K. These vegetables are also high in other important micronutrients.

Vitamins and Minerals that Increase Fertility

Studies have proved that using vitamins, mineralsherbs or other natural means are safer and much more effective in helping the pregnancy happen.
Common vitamins and minerals that seem to increase fertility include:

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is good for fertility in both men and women.  It helps enhance hormone levels, aids iron absorption, improves mobility of sperm, increases fertility in women, and keeps immune system healthy. A lack of vitamin C causes sperm to clump together. Men who take vitamin C daily may see an improvement in sperm count and motility.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is also fruitful for fertility in both men and women. Helps with the endocrine system of women and helps with absorption of important fats needed for good hormones. It also aids in production of sperm and helps improves quality of sperm.

Vitamins B12

Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to reduced sperm counts and lowered sperm mobility.

Vitamin B12 supplementation has been tried for improving fertility in men with abnormal sperm production.

Zinc and folate

Zinc maintains testosterone production in men and leads to improved sperm count and motility. It also helps women use estrogen and progesterone more efficiently. It also is essential nutrients for cell division, synthesis of genetic material, and numerous body processes. Two studies of zinc combined with folate have found that the supplements can improve sperm count and the percentage of healthy sperm in men with impaired fertility. Take along with a multivitamin/ mineral complex containing copper to prevent a copper deficiency.


An antioxidant that helps reduce the risk of birth defects, selenium also increases sperm count in men.


Infertility in women has been linked to a deficiency in iron.

There are many other vitamins and mineral for fertility enhance. Taking proper vitamins and mineral supplements can help your chances of getting pregnant.

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