Vitamin B12 Deficiency health effects

Today, as vitamin supplements gain in popularity, the potential to overdose has become a basic concern. However, one vitamin that tends to be overlooked and is of major importance is Vitamin B12. Deficiency in vitamin B12 is, in fact, among the highest nutritional deficiencies in developing counendeavors and potentially in the United conditions as well. Vitamin B12 is imperative in the correct formation of red blood cells and as well plays an essential role in maintaining healthy nerve tissue.

Without the proper amount of Vitamin B2, development of a blood condition referred to as pernicious anemia is probable and highly likely. This condition, once develop, does not allow an individual to generate the protein substance needed to allow the absorption of vitamin B12. An additional detriment of a b12 deficiency is the inability to absorb folic acid, another component the body needs to function properly.

Why Does B12 Affect Our Health?

Deficiencies in needed vitamins generally take place gradually and, at times, may take a number of years to develop.

FirstlyVitamin B12 deficiency symptoms can be small, barely noticed neurological or cognitive changes which tend to increase with time. As the deficiency becomes more serious, anemia and/or dementia may develop. In order to have proper multiplication of red blood cells the presence of vitamin b12 necessary. As the deficiency increases, the red blood cells drop and the individual subsequently develops anemia. Fatigue and palpitations are two of the basic symptoms of anemia created by a b12 deficiency.

What Are B12 Deficiency Symptoms?

  1. In addition to fatigue and palpitations, symptoms include:
  2. Weight loss
  3. Pale skin
  4. Sore Mouth or tongue
  5. Higher incidence of contracting infections

If not corrected and the deficiency is accepted to continue a number of neurological symptoms may appear. Symptoms such as:

  1. Irritability
  2. Confusion
  3. Forgetfulness
  4. Numbness and/or tingling of the fingers and/or toes
  5. Overall muscle weakness
  6. Staggering
  7. Balance

Who is at Risk?

Virtually anyone has the potential of developing a vitamin b12 deficiency. However, vegans, those on a vegetarian food, babys and the elderly are generally placed in the group that is accept as true thated at high risk in developing this deficiency. Since vitamin b12 is derived solely from animal-related products, those who refrain from eating dairy, eggs or meat are at risk; however, vegetarians who do consume dairy products and eggs generally do not consume the advisable 2.4 mcg amount. As the population grows older, approximately 30% of individuals over 50 develop a stomach lining that is thinning or atrophic gastritis. With this condition, the small intestine is unable to absorb b12 which may potentially lead to more rigorous conditions. A multivitamin, eating a breakfast cereal that has been fortified or likely both is advisable for those accept as true thated at risk for a b12 deficiency. If any of these conditions are present, review your condition with your doctor and check on receiving a Vitamin B12 blood test.

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Strict vegetarians are at risk of Vitamin B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12, as well known as cobalamin is vital for good health. Vitamin B12 is contains in animal protein such as meat, dairy products and eggs. Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause muscle weakness, neurological abnormalities, low blood pressure, vision problems and even psychological confusion and mood disturbances.

Vegetarians are at Risk as are Others

Strict vegetarians are at risk of vitamin B12 deficiency. The risk factors also are elderly, babys who are solely breastfed, and those people who need additional vitamin B-12 associated with pregnancy, hyperthyroidism, the body’s inability to make sufficient red blood cells, heavy bleeding, cancers, liver or kidney disease.

Pernicious anemia is poor vitamin B12 absorption caused by conditions such as Crohn’s disease, surgical removal of part of the stomach or intestine, intestinal parasites, HIV infection or lack of intrinsic factor.

Intrinsic factor, a protein secreted by cells in the stomach, helps the body to absorb B12. If this protein is lacking, it results in pernicious anemia (meaning deadly or fatal, which this type of anemia was until vitamin B12 shots became offered).

Human Storage of Vitamin B12 is Impressive

The human liver stores large amounts of offered Vitamin B12, so it may take years before symptoms of deficiency appear. However, once these stores are depleted , even slightly lower than normal levels of Vitamin B-12 can present symptoms of deficiency. Especially at risk are strict vegetarians who eat no animal protein. Nutritional consensus is that no plant foods are reliable and safe sources of vitamin B12.

Therefore there are two choices vegetarians can make to ensure continued good health. The first is to become an ovo-lacto vegetarian, which is a vegetarian who also eats eggs and/or dairy products. Secondly, vegetarians can eat foods that have been fortified with Vitamin B12 such as breakfast cereals, soy milks, vegetable and sunflower margarines, yeast extracts, some veggie burger mixes and textured vegetable protein. Vegetarians must read labels to confirm that B12 has been added to the product.

As a last resort, vitamin B12 can also be administered by mouth, by hypodermic injection into muscle tissue or as a nasal spray, to correct dietary B12 deficiency.

Vegetarians, with only a slight adjustment to diet and attention to choices of healthful foods that contain vitamin B12 can continue to choose Vegetarianism as a way of life.

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Cobalamin Deficiency Symptoms

Cobalamin is as well called Vitamin B-12. This very importnant vitamin is frequently used in combination with other B Vitamins to hepl support of healthy red blood cells and the bodies nervous system. Deficiency  in Cobalamin causes anemia. Anemia is when the body does not have sufficient healthy red blood cells. The red blood cells in the body are essential in providing oxygen to tissues and organs.

Cobalamin deficiency is not a very ordinary event.  The human body stores several years’ worth of Cobalamin, so nutritional deficiency of this vitamin is extremely rare. Elderly are the most at risk. However, deficiency can result from being unable to use vitamin B12. Inability to absorb vitamin B12 from the intestinal tract can be caused by a disease known as pernicious anemia.

Causes of Cobalamin Deficiency

In order for the body to process this vitamin properly there needs to be a number of things going right with the overall function of the body. Things like the pancreas, stomach and small intestine need to be working together conceptlly for the body to absorb the right nutrients. If the organs aren’t working together properly then the B-12 will not be absorbed as it should be. Some causes of B-12 deficiency are:

  • Alcoholism
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Lack of Meat, Eggs and Dairy Products (Vegans and Vegetarians are at Risk)
  • Tape Worms
  • Inability for the Body to Absorb nutrients
  • Intrinsic Factor Lacking in the Body

Symptoms of Cobalamin Deficiency

Cobalamin deficiencies happen frequently and if taken care of quickly and properly can cause no real harm to the body. However, if it is not treated then there can be serious predicaments with the body. Cobalamin deficiency can cause serious predicaments and make a person very, very sick. Symptoms of the body lacking Cobalamin are:

  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Nausea
  • Numbness in Extremities
  • Hallucinations
  • Memory Loss
  • Confusion
  • Anemia
  • Behavioral Changes
  • Poor Nutrition During Pregnancy

Any one or more of these symptoms are cause to seek a medical professional. Studies have shown that B-12 deficiency can as well cause havoc with the nervous system and create long term predicaments with the bodies ability to function.

Treatment of Cobalamin Deficiency

Cobalamin deficiency can usually be kept away from by having a well rounded food that contains meat and dairy products as well as any vegetable that are high in iron. Iron is good for the production of red blood cells. A doctor will normally prescribe either a B-12 injection or a pill for therapy. For people who cannot properly absorb the pill through the intestine, the shot therapy will be an ongoing treatment.

Doctors as well recommend that a person who suffers from B-12 deficiency to be seen and tested regularly. In some cases B-12 therapy will be a life long commitment. as well a food change will most likely be needed to keep from falling back into the deficiency stage. Things like meat, poultry, shellfish, eggs and dairy products provide the highest amount of B-12 vitamins to the body. treatment for anemia is usually very affective. It can take upwards of six months however before there are any real changes from B-12 therapy.

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Linkage between vitamin B12 and depression

Some studies have reported of the  relationship between low levels of vitamin B12 and depression.

Depression is a disorder that affects your mood, thoughts, feelings, and behaviour. It is the most common psychiatric ailment in modern society.

Vitamin B12 and other B vitamins, such as folate, play a role in the production of certain brain chemicals that are important in regulating mood and other brain functions.

However, it’s less clear whether vitamin B12 deficiency may be the cause or the result of depression. Poor nutrition is one cause of vitamin B12 deficiency.

B-vitamins (such as B12 and folic acid) may be deficient in those with depression. Folic acid works with SAM (s-adenosylmethionine) to boost neurotransmitter levels.
But poor nutrition may also be a consequence of depression. People who are depressed may lose interest in eating or make less healthy food choices, which may lead to vitamin B12 deficiency.

When you’re depressed, it’s important to try to eat a healthy, balanced diet that includes sources of essential nutrients, including B vitamins.

What is natural good sources of Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is plentiful in animal products such as fish, meat, poultry, eggs and milk. Fortified breakfast cereals also are a good source of B12 and other B vitamins.

Especially if you’re older than 50 or you’re a vegetarian, taking a daily supplement that includes vitamin B-12 and other B vitamins may be helpful in making sure your body is getting the nutrients it needs. Talk to your doctor about whether to take a vitamin supplement.

When talking to your doctor about depression, keep in mind that it’s important for him or her to address any underlying physical conditions that might play a part in your depression.

Examples include vitamin deficiency, thyroid disease and certain types of anemia.

Treating these underlying conditions may improve your mood. If you’re still depressed after successful treatment of the underlying condition, your doctor may recommend treatments for depression which include antidepressants and psychological counseling.

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Vitamin B12 deficiency and Candida

There are many different things that occur with a vitamin B12 deficiency, and there are evidence of link between Candida and vitamin B12.

People have a variety of micro-organisms in bodies. Some of them are essential for health and others can become a problem when they grow out of control.

This is the case with Candida albicans. Levels of this fungus are usually kept under control by our normal bacteria (flora). However, when our normal bacteria are depleted, Candida can proliferate, causing thrush, vaginitis, and other problems.

Vitamin B12 is essential for good health in many different ways.
It play great role for nervous system functions, and also helps with blood cell production.
Candida is yeast that grows in the human body, most notably in the vaginal area and in the intestines. In major cases, it is kept under control by the body’s immune system.

However, when there is a lack of B12 the immune function is impaired and Candida can then grow out of control.

Who are at risk vitamin B12 deficiency

There are some conditions that can attribute to a deficiency in B12. Strict vegetarians don’t eat meats, diary products, and eggs so they are often at risk. This comes in many forms, but the most common sources are in meats, diary products, and in eggs.
The very young and the very old people are also most susceptible.
Chronic illness such as cancer can be important factor of vitamin B12 deficiency that may cause Candida.

There are many other factors: Immune disorders such as diabetes or HIV/AIDS; Smoking; Use of antibiotics, corticosteroids, or birth control pills; Weakened or underdeveloped immune system function.

Alcoholics are at risk as are those who have Crohn’s disease. There is an intrinsic factor that helps the body absorbs B12 in the stomach and intestines, and if someone has had surgery in either area, that factor may have been affected or is missing.

When that happens, the B12 can not be absorbed as it should be. Someone with this problem will have no appetite, bouts of loose stools, and they might feel very weak. They might also notice a shortness of breath, problems with tingling or numbness in the extremities, and might even experience some mental fog.
In order to treat Candida, the deficiency of vitamin B12 will need to be taken care of first. When the proper balance of B12 is restored, the Candida can then be kept in check after a course of treatment and it has reverted back to its normal state with in the body.

Now you see how Candida and Vitamin B12 are related. These knowledge should encourage you to eat a more balanced diet to avoid the further complications associated with vitamin B12 deficiency.

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Who are at risk of vitamin B12 deficiency?

Vitamin B12 is water-soluble, and is named cobalamin because it has the element cobalt in its structure.

Vitamin B12 maintains healthy nervous system and assists with blood cell formation.

Deficiency of cobalamin may cause eczma, dandruff, hair loss, skin disorders, loss of appetite, extreme fatigue, confusion, mental depression, drowsiness, and hallucinations.

Usually bound to protein in foods (as in meat and eggs), cobalamin is released in digestion. Intrinsic Factor, a substance made by cells that line the stomach, binds to cobalamin, and this complex of cobalamin and intrinsic factor is then absorbed in the small intestine.

Some people cannot make enough intrinsic factor to bind with cobalamin, and as a result, they absorb very little vitamin B12 in the digestive tract. Over time, this can develop into a disorder called pernicious anemia.
Pernicious anemia takes time to develop because the liver stores enough vitamin B12 to last.

But if none, or very little vitamin B12, is absorbed through the diet, it will take about a year or so for the liver’s reserves of vitamin B12 to be depleted.

Another way to develop vitamin B12 deficiency is to not take in enough foods that provide vitamin B12. This can occur to strict vegetarians who neglect to supplement their diet with vitamin B12.
It’s important to understand that vegetarians who are thinking about pregnancy need to start vitamin B12 supplementation long before they become pregnant.

Infants of vegetarian moms have limited stores of vitamin B12 and can develop a deficiency within months of birth. So it is important that vegetarian moms who breastfeed their infants take vitamin B12 supplement. Untreated deficiency of vitamin B12 in babies can result in severe and permanent neurological (nerve) damage.

Many older adults are marginally deficient in cobalamin. Smokers, people who have been taking some prescription drug are also at risk of vitamin B12 deficiency.
Most persons that have low levels and diets poor in vitamin B12 would do well to supplement B12 daily.


Advantages and disadvantages of vitamin B12 shots

Vitamine B12  Hydroxocobalamine 500 mcg/ml amp 2 ml 10 st.Vitamin B12 is part of the vitamin B complex and plays a great role in keeping healthy our body. Unfortunately, vitamin B12 is not absorbed well through the stomach especially it is concerned of people elder 40.
There are several options when it comes to taking vitamin B12 supplements: regular pill, nasal spray, a patch, vitamin B12 shots, and sublingual B12. For people whose bodies don’t absorb vitamin B12 via their intestines, it has often been believed that vitamin B12 injections are the best method, although this isn’t necessarily true.

What are the advantages of vitamin B12 shots?

Doctors know the health benefits of the B vitamin family and have prescribed vitamin B12 shots (also called cobalamin injections) to patients for years. They showed remarkable results for patients who were feeling sluggish, tired, down, or forgetful.

These vitamin B12 shots also often use to treat people with pernicious anemia, which is caused by a vitamin B12 deficiency. Vitamin B12 shots can be given for short periods as well as long term. It is not uncommon for elderly individuals to receive ongoing B12 injections.
There are many advantages to getting cobalamin supplements in the form of B12 shots. Having a vitamin B12 shots will be more effective than these other methods as the vitamin is injected into your blood stream.

People who get vitamin B12 shots notice an improvement in their energy level within a few days. In addition to feeling more energy, the shots can be effective in terms of clearer skin, better sleep, improved memory, and feeling less stressed.

What are the disadvantages of vitamin B12 shots?

However, there are also some disadvantages to vitamin B12 shots. Firstly, they can be rather expensive, often costing $25 or more for each injection. Secondly, they can also be painful.
If you don’t like shots, you are probably going to find yourself a bit resistant to this as an ongoing method. Vitamin B12 injections can also result in an infection or harm the nerves.

It is not uncommon for scar tissue to form, preventing the B12 from absorbing adequately.

Disadvantage also is fact that much of the vitamin ends up lost in your urine when you take vitamin B12 in form shots.

Side effects from B12 shots may include headaches, upset stomach, diarrhea and painful joints, to name a few.

Alternative form of Vitamin B12  Vita Sciences B-12 Patch 4 patches

Deficiency of vitamins B complex

There are eight water soluble vitamins in vitamin B group and four related substances, each of which plays an important role: thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pyridoxine (B6), folic acid (B9), cyanocobalamin (B12) pantothenic acid and biotin.

We need vitamins of B complex for support and increase the rate of metabolism; maintain healthy skin and muscle tone; enhance immune and nervous system function; promote cell growth and division—including that of the red blood cells that help prevent anemia; reduce the risk of pancreatic cancer, one of the most lethal forms of cancer

When you have plenty of all the vitamin B’s in your body, they work together to keep your body running efficiently, producing the energy.
If you’re low on any one B vitamin, the others can’t do their jobs.

Causes of Vitamin B deficiency

The B vitamins work so closely together that it is hard to tell which individual B vitamin is missing when a deficiency occurs.

Millions of people suffer from a deficiency of vitamin B for several reasons, major among which are:

  • Stress
  • Poor immune function.
  • Chronic digestive problems.
  • Alcohol
    As alcohol blocks ability to absorb B vitamins
  • Smoking
    Tobacco smoke decreases absorption of B vitamins across the board.
  • Oral contraception reduces levels of vitamin B.
  • Vegetarians and vegans
    who don’t eat any animal foods such as milk or eggs
  • Toxins and  poisons in the environment and personal care products deplete vitamin B complex

Vitamin B deficiency symptoms

Symptoms sited below can be link with vitamin B deficiency:

  • mental problems
  • heart palpitation
  • heart arrythmia
  • fibrillation
  • indigestion
  • chronic fatigue
  • chronic exhaustion
  • vague fears
  • fear that something dreadful is about to happen,nervousness
  • ADD (attention deficiency), inability to concentrate, irritability
  • feeling of uneasiness
  • inomnia
  • restlessness
  • tingling in hands
  • tingling fingers and toes
  • rashes
  • crying spells, inability to cope

and so much more.

How to avoid vitamin B deficiency

The best way to avoid a deficiency of B vitamins is to eat a varied diet of fresh fruit, an abundance of vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts and seeds, and other food as desired. Some of these B vitamins can also be made by friendly bacteria in a healthy colon and absorbed into circulation.

Natural sources B vitamins are unprocessed foods.
Processing, as with sugar and white flour, tends to significantly reduce B vitamin content.
B vitamins are particularly concentrated in meat and meat products such as liver, turkey, and tuna.
Other good sources for B vitamins are potatoes, bananas, lentils, chile peppers, tempeh, beans, nutritional yeast, brewer’s yeast, and molasses.


Vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms

Congenital pernicious anemia is one if the name of Vitamin B12 deficiency. Pernicious anemia is caused by a lack of intrinsic factor, a substance needed to absorb vitamin B12 from the gastrointestinal tract. Vitamin B12, in turn, is necessary for the formation of red blood cells. Anemia is a condition where red blood cells are not providing adequate oxygen to body tissues.

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The main symptom of classic cobalamin deficiency is anemia, which a doctor can easily diagnose with a simple blood test. Long before anemia sets in, though, marginal cobalamin deficiency leads to depression, confused thinking, and other mental symptoms that look a lot like senility.

Intrinsic factor is a protein the body uses to absorb vitamin B12. When gastric secretions do not have enough intrinsic factor, vitamin B12 is not adequately absorbed, resulting in pernicious anemia and other problems related to low levels of vitamin B12.

Vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms

Because vitamin B12 is needed by nerve cells and blood cells for them to function properly, deficiency can cause a wide variety of symptoms, including:

  • fatigue,
  • shortness of breath,
  • tingling sensations,
  • difficulty walking,

Other causes of low levels of intrinsic factor (and thus of pernicious anemia) include atrophic gastric mucosa, autoimmunity against gastric parietal cells, and autoimmunity against intrinsic factor.MegaFood Iron Free One Daily DailyFoods 90Tabs

Absence of intrinsic factor itself is the most common cause of vitamin B12 deficiency. Intrinsic factor is produced by cells within the stomach. In adults, the inability to make intrinsic factor can be the result of chronic gastritis or the result of surgery to remove the stomach. The onset of the disease is slow and may span decades.
Very rarely, infants and children are found to have been born lacking the ability to produce effective intrinsic factor. This form of congenital pernicious anemia is inherited as an autosomal recessive disorder. (You need a defective gene from both parents to get it.) However, most often, pernicious anemia and other forms of megaloblastic anemia in children results from other causes of vitamin B12 deficiency or other vitamin deficiencies.
Although a juvenile form of the disease can occur in children, pernicious anemia usually does not appear before the age of 30. The average age at diagnosis is 60 years.

In fact, one recent study revealed that nearly 2 percent of individuals over 60 years old suffer from pernicious anemia. Furthermore, slightly more women than men are affected.

The vitamin B12 deficiency disease can affect all racial groups, but occurs more often among people of Scandinavian or Northern European descent.

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