What is Astaxanthin

Astaxanthin is a carotenoid. The astaxanthin molecule is similar to beta-carotene, but all evidence indicates that it is a far more powerful biological antioxidant.

Astaxanthin, unlike some carotenoids, does not convert to Vitamin A (retinol) in the human body.

Like many carotenoids, it is a colorful, fat/oil-soluble pigment. Too much Vitamin A is toxic for a human, but astaxanthin is not.

However, it is a powerful antioxidant. It is 10 times more capable than other carotenoids.
Astaxanthin contains in microalgae, yeast, salmon, trout, krill, shrimp, crayfish, crustaceans, and the feathers of some birds.
Here some benefits of astaxanthin:

  • Astaxanthin increases strength and endurance. 2 – 8 times greater increase over baseline verses placebo in human clinical study.
  • Astaxanthin combined with Flavangenol is powerful against diabetes complications
  • Astaxanthin protects cells and mitochondrial membranes from oxidative damage, thus protecting the cell from oxidative damage and have incredible cancer fighting properties
  • Astaxanthin will boost the immune system by increasing the number of antibody-producing cells.
  • Astaxanthin prevents the initiation of cancer cells in the tongue, oral cavity, large bowel, bladder, uterus, and breast.
  • Astaxanthin inhibits lipid peroxidation that causes plaque formation, thus reducing risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • It alleviates stress and may assist in neurodegenerative conditions such as AMD, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, ALS.Astaxanthin protects the eyes and skin from UV A and B damage by quenching singlet and triplet oxygen.
  • Astaxanthin reduces the number of new and abnormal cells in the liver.Some studies show that astaxanthin keeps cataracts away.
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Description: What’s ten times stronger than beta-carotene, up to 500 times more effective in preventing lipid peroxidation than Vitamin E and completely safe to take. NOW Astaxanthin is a revolutionary phytonutrient antioxidant that harnesses the free radical fighting strength of BioAstin® from Cyanotech.  This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

Main causes of osteoporosis development

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Osteoporosis is disease when bones become that brittle and break easily. There are no symptoms unless a bone is broken. Osteoporosis is a very serious health problem which affects some 25 million Americans and costs nearly $14 billion a year. Four out of five of them are older women.

Postmenopausal bone loss is mostly due to increases in bone loss, which are more important than decreases in bone formation.
Osteoporosis is a long-term chronic disease that normally takes decades to develop. Proper nutrition is one of the important factors in preventing osteoporosis.

Calcium and Osteoporosis

Low level of calcium is main cause of osteoporosis development.
Loss of calcium from the bones, as can occur on a day with lower calcium intake coupled with high sodium and protein intake, is hard to replace. Calcium can be removed quickly from bones, but it is a slower process to rebuild bones.
Weight-bearing exercise is important in early life, as it increases bone density. Exercise and movement in later life also stimulate bone formation. Some people have genetically denser bones than others, which lowers risk.
Although osteoporosis is caused mostly by a shortage of calcium but other vitamins and minerals deficiency induces or increase of risk this dangerous disease

Vitamin A

In older men and women, long-term intakes of preformed vitamin A can be associated with increased risk of osteoporotic fracture and decreased bone mineral density.
Levels of only 5000 IU (1,500 mcg) are enough to increase risk. This is well below the upper limit set at 10,000 IU (3000 mcg) per day. Only high intakes of preformed vitamin A, not beta-carotene, are associated with any increased adverse effects on bone health.
Too little vitamin A can also be a problem because adequate vitamin A is needed to prevent osteoporosis.
The best way to assure safe levels of vitamin A is to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables and, if supplements are needed, to use the beta-carotene form.

Vitamin D
Vitamin D deficiency can another cause of osteoporosis. Without enough vitamin D, the bones cannot properly mineralize.

Vitamin K
Vitamin K is needed to bind minerals to bones. Vitamin K is used as a coenzyme to enable bone mineralization. Several studies have found a correlation between higher vitamin K levels and lowered risk of hip fracture.

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Vitamin D Deficiency and Asthma

Recent study found that Vitamin D deficiency can be linked to asthma. This fact makes the populations of sunlight deficient regions more prone to this disease of the respiratory tract.
Humans primarily acquire vitamin D through their skin which synthesizes because of sunlight.

However, some food products can also be a source of this vitamin such as flesh of certain fish, cheese, egg yolk, etc.
The investigators found that vitamin D deficiency were associated with more asthma hospitalizations in the previous year, more airway hyperactivity in lung function tests, more use of anti-inflammatory asthma medications like inhaled steroids in the previous year, and higher blood levels of allergy markers.
However the investigators have not yet been able to establish any cause-effect relationship.
A chronic breathing disorder, asthma is characterized by recurrent attacks of breathlessness and wheezing.
One way to reduce severity, suggests new research from the Harvard Medical School, is to have adequate amounts of vitamin D, insufficient amounts of which appear to aggravate asthma and allergy severity. The study suggests that giving supplements to asthma patients with Vitamin D deficiency may help control symptoms better.
Clinic studies had shown that people who don’t get enough sunlight and have diets low in vitamin D are at higher risk of osteoporosis (brittle bones) and developing colon, prostate, rectal, ovarian and breast cancers.
It’s easier to make your own Vitamin D by exposing the skin to the sun. Just half an hour without sunscreen, as dark skin takes more time to make the sunshine vitamin.

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Vitamin D Deficiency and Thyroid Disease

Hypothyroidism is an ailment that occurs when the thyroid gland located at the frontal zone of the neck just below the “Adam’s apple” reduces its function of producing the thyroxine hormone which is responsible for balancing the bodily processes and metabolism. As a result, the body’s metabolism is reduced or lowered.
Several medical reports showed that patients with hypothyroidism have low levels of Vitamin D, which may lead to some of the bone problems related to hypothyroidism.
People with hypothyroidism may have low levels of Vitamin D due to poor absorption of Vitamin D from the intestine or the body may not activate the Vitamin D properly.
Vitamin D and thyroid hormones bind to similar receptors called steroid hormone receptors. A different gene in the Vitamin D receptor has shown to predispose people to autoimmune thyroid disease such as Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
Proper Vitamin D levels are essential for your health especially if you have thyroid problems. Unless you are exposed to sunlight or foods containing Vitamin D, screening for Vitamin D deficiency is recommended for all thyroid patients.
It is now proven that various nutrients directly support the healthy structure of the thyroid gland, the formation of thyroid hormone, and the activation of thyroid hormone throughout the body. These are all normal and natural functions that need to be properly maintained to support health

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Vitamins and minerals for Prostate Health

There are a number of prostate vitamins, minerals and natural herbs and that may be a real help in promoting the health and functioning of the prostate and urinary tract in men.
Having enough RDA vitamin C, Vitamin D, vitamin E, selenium and zinc in you diet you considerably reduce risk of prostate diseases: prostatitis, BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia) and even prostate cancer.
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Vitamin E

Current research shows that vitamin E appears to reduce the risk of prostate cancer. Some experts recommend using the gamma-tocopherol form of vitamin E.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D may also fight with prostate cancer. Vitamin D is known to inhibit prostate cancer in animals. As such, vitamin D appears to be important in preventing prostate cancer even though human research remains unclear. In addition, vitamin D is being studied as an agent for the treatment of prostate cancer. Recommended daily allowance of vitamin D in your diet must be equal:
*For men ages 19 to 50: 200 IU a day.
*For men ages 51 to 70: 400 IU a day.
*For men ages 71 and older: 600 IU a day.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C has been used to aid healing and to promote prostate health.


Deficiency of zinc in diet has been linked to BPH, prostatitis, and even prostate cancer. Zinc is used to promote prostate health and some experts do recommend zinc for BPH. In addition, zinc may even shrink an enlarged prostate.


Selenium harbors antioxidant properties that are thought to work with vitamin E to provide extra protection from toxin damage linked to prostatitis. Selenium also is able to slow prostate growth as well as help prevent prostate cancer.
Ask a doctor before taking any vitamin and mineral supplementsOnline Medical Advice

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What causes vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D‘s most important role is to regulate calcium and phosphorus levels and promotes absorption of these minerals for growth of bones and teeth. supports immune function and regulates blood pressure.
Vitamin D regulates the amount of calcium in your blood and makes sure you always have enough.
Researches have proved that Vitamin D also plays a role in a lot of other body functions. It also involved in insulin secretion and it may help prevent cancer, especially colon cancer.

Vitamin D can be produced in the skin upon exposure to sunlight or must be obtained from the diet.
vitamin-d-deficiencyWhat causes vitamin D deficiency?

  • First of all inadequate dietary intakes. Limited sun exposure, kidney or liver disease, and alcoholism also cause vitamin D deficiency.
  • At greater risk are also elderly, dark-skinned, obese people, or those with inflammatory bowel disease and fat-malabsorption syndromes (celiac disease and cystic fibrosis).
  • If you have kidney or liver disease you can’t convert Vitamin D3 into its more active forms.
  • Some drugs such as cholestyramine (Cholybar® or Questran®) or colestipol (Colestid®) to lower your cholesterol also can cause vitamin D deficiency as these drugs block absorption of Vitamin D and other fat-soluble vitamins.
  • Taking corticosteroid drugs such as cortisone, prednisone, or dexamethasone for allergies, asthma, arthritis, or some other health problem also can deplete Vitamin D3 level and increase risk of vitamin D deficiency.
  • Anticonvulsant drugs such as phenytoin (Dilantin®) or Phenobarbital interfere with how you use your Vitamin D.
  • Strict vegetarian or vegan also falls in group of risk vitamin D deficiency. There’s very little Vitamin D in plant foods. If you don’t drink milk and also don’t get outside much, you—and your vegan kids—might not be getting enough Vitamin D.
  • Alcohol also can causes vitamin D deficiency as it blocks your to absorb Vitamin D in intestines and store it in liver.

As you see there are a lot of causes for vitamins D deficiency, so talk to you doctor before taking vitamin D supplement.

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Osteoporosis and Vitamin A

osteoporosisIn older men and women, long-term intakes of preformed vitamin A can be associated with increased risk of osteoporotic fracture and decreased bone mineral density.
Levels of only 5000 IU (1,500 mcg) are enough to increase risk. This is well below the upper limit set at 10,000 IU (3000 mcg) per day. Only high intakes of preformed vitamin A, not beta-carotene, are associated with any increased adverse effects on bone health.

Older men and women may want to limit their supplemental vitamin A intake or take only the beta-carotene form of vitamin A. Many fortified foods such as cereal contain significant levels of preformed vitamin A. The vitamin A in fortified foods should be added to the vitamin A in any supplements to find the total intake.

On the other hand, low levels of vitamin A can adversely affect bone mineral density.
In older people, an intake of preformed vitamin A close to the recommended dose is safest.
The best way to assure safe levels of vitamin A is to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables and, if supplements are needed, to use the beta-carotene form.

Vitamin D and Cancer

We’ve known for a long time that colon cancer and breast cancer are more common among people in northern climates—places where it’s too cold for part of the year to get much sun. Is there a Vitamin D connection?
Yes, when it comes to colon cancerVerified Quality's Vitamin D 400 IU 90 caps and maybe also breast and prostate cancer. According to recent studies, people who get a lot of Vitamin D from their food and supplements are much less likely to get colon cancer.
To get the protection, you only need to get 200 IU from your diet—the amount in just two cups of milk.
Do you get the same protection if you just stay outside in the sun longer? Probably, but it’s really hard to say exactly how much Vitamin D you make from sunshine.
To be sure you’re getting enough, take supplements.
Vitamin D not only helps prevent cancer, it can help treat it.

The powerful anticancer drug tamoxifen, which is widely used to treat cancer of the ovaries, uterus, and breast, seems to work even better when it’s combined with small doses of Vitamin D.

It’s also possible that Vitamin D can help treat leukemia and lymphoma, but there’s not enough research yet to be sure.

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Vitamin D regulates the amount of calcium

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It is wide known fact that the calcium in milk that helps make your bones strong. But without the Vitamin D that’s also added to milk, the calcium won’t work.
Vitamin D’s most important role is to regulate how much calcium you absorb from your food. Most of that calcium goes to build strong bones and teeth.
You also need calcium to send messages along your nerves and to help your muscles contract (like when your heart beats).
Vitamin D regulates the amount of calcium in your blood and makes sure you always have enough. We’re just starting to realize that Vitamin D also plays a role in a lot of other body functions. Your immune system needs Vitamin D and it may help prevent cancer, especially colon cancer.
For years, many researchers said the recommended dose of Vitamin D was too low for older people. You just naturally make less Vitamin D in your skin as you get older. Which is one of the reasons older people tend to have fragile bones.
The study showed that men and women over age 65 can cut their risk of a bone fracture in half if they take 700 IU of Vitamin D and 500 mg of calcium every day.

Kids who don’t get enough Vitamin D develop rickets—their bones don’t grow and harden properly. Fortunately, most kids get plenty of Vitamin D and rickets is pretty rare.

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